Wednesday, October 27, 2010

Purple Mangosteen


A friend of my Mom dropped by and gave this juicy Purple Mangosteen which my kids are not so familiar because it’s not a common fruit in our house. We always have fruits in the house. I always see to it that they eat one or two kinds a day for vitamin supplements. But mangosteen can’t be bought at nearby fruit stands only. The little boy love it as I patiently opened each fruit for him and then his questions slowly comes in as usual. He always has plenty of questions for lots of things. Since I’ve researched some facts for my little boy I might as well share some here. 

The Purple Mangosteen is a tropical evergreen tree believed to have originated in the Sunda Islands and the Moluccas of Indonesia. The tree grows from 7 to 25 m (20–80 ft) tall. The rind (exocarp) of the edible fruit is deep reddish purple when ripe. Botanically an aril, the fragrant edible flesh can be described as sweet and tangy, citrusy with peach flavor and texture.

Some mangosteen juice products contain whole fruit purée or polyphenols extracted from the inedible exocarp (rind) as a formulation strategy to add phytochemical value. The resulting juice has purple color and astringency derived from exocarp pigments, including xanthones under study for potential anti-disease effects. Other authors proposed that alpha-mangostin, a xanthone, could stimulate apoptosis in leukemia cells in vitro. Furthermore, a possible adverse effect may occur from chronic consumption of mangosteen juice containing xanthones. A 2008 medical case report described a patient with severe acidosis possibly attributable to a year of daily use (to lose weight, dose not described) of mangosteen juice infused with tannins.

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